Sunday, February 21, 2016

For All the Saints: John Henry Cardinal Newman

John Henry Newman is honored today, the anniversary of his 1801 birth. He was widely and early known in the Oxford Movement, the group of Anglicans who sought to return the church to Catholic rituals and beliefs. First ordained a priest in the Church of England, he joined the Roman Catholic Church in 1845  and soon became a priest therein. He became a noted church leader, was created a cardinal in 1879, and helped found what is now University College, Dublin. Among his noted books are Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1866), a defense of his beliefs, and An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent (1870), in which he argued that faith is a true product of human rationality. He died in 1890 and was beatified in 2010.

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